The National Emblem of Bhutan is in circle shape that projects a double diamond thunderbolt(dorji) above the lotus representing the harmony between the secular and religious power while the lotus symbolized the purity. The jewels on all the sides with two dragons vertical side represents – Jewels signifies the sovereign power while the dragon (male & female) stands for the name of the country Druk Yul or the Land of the Thunder Dragon.
The Constitution (2008) provides the description
“ Within the circle of the national emblem, two crossed vajras are placed over a lotus. They are flanked on either side by a male and female white dragon. A wish fulfilling jewels is located above them. There are four other jewels inside the circle where the two vajras interacts. They symbolized the spiritual and secular traditions of the kingdom based on four spiritual undertakings of Vajrayana Buddhism. The lotus symbolized absence of defilements; the wish-fulfilling jewels, the sovereign power of the people; and the two dragons, the name of the kingdom.”
The National Flag of Bhutan is rectangular in shape and is based upon the tradition of Drukpa Linage of Tibetan Buddhism that features Druk the ‘Thunder Dragon’. It is divided into two parts diagonally. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king, while the lower saffron-orange signifies the power and authority of the religion, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu. The white dragon signifies the name and purity of the country while the jewels in the clowns of the dragon stands for the wealth and perfection of the country. Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji introduced the tradition of the flag of Bhutan in 1947. A version was displayed in 1949 at the signing of the Indo-Bhutan Treaty. The second version of the flag was introduced in 1956, during the visit of the third king Jigme Dorji Wangchuk in the eastern Bhutan.
The Constitution (2008) provides the description
“The upper yellow half that touches the base symbolizes the secular tradition. It personifies His Majesty the king, whose noble actions enhance the kingdom. Hence, it symbolizes that His Malesty is the upper holder of the spiritual and secular foundation of the kingdom. The lower orange half that extends to the top symbolizes the spiritual tradition. It also symbolizes the flourishing of the Buddhist teaching in general and that of the Kagyu and Nyingma traditions in particular. The dragon that fully presses down the fimbriation symbolizes the undefiled thoughts of the people that express their loyalty, patriotism and great sense of belonging to the kingdom although they have different ethnic and linguistic origins.”
The National Day of Bhutan is celebrated on 17th December. The day coincides with the crowning ceremony of Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuk as the first hereditary king of Bhutan, in Punakha Dzong on 17th December 1907. It is the national holiday and every Bhutanese throughout the kingdom celebrates the day with pomp and festival.
The National Language of Bhutan is Dzongkha. There are 18 languages or dialects spoken throughout the country. The state language is Dzongkha as it is one of the oldest forms of language spoken by people who worked in the Dzong, that was the seat of both temporal and religious power.
The National Flower of Bhutan is the Himalayan Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis), that grows to a heights of one meter on the rocky mountain terrain above the tree line at an elevation between 3500m to 4500m. It was discovered in 1933 by a British Botanist, George Sherriff, in a remote part of Sakteng in eastern Bhutan.
The National Tree of Bhutan is the Cypress (Cupressus torolusa). The Cypress trees are found in abundance and grow in the temperate climate zone between 1800m and 3500m. Its capacity to survive on rugged harsh terrain is compared to bravery and simplicity.
The National Anthem of Bhutan Druk Tsendhen Kepay Gyelkhab Na “ In the Land of the Thunder Dragon Kingdom, where cypress grows” was first adopted or composed in 1953 and became official in 1966. The music was composed by Aku Tongmi and the words were penned by Dasho Galdun Thinley.
The National Animal of Bhutan is the Takin (Burdocas taxicolor), that is associated with religious history and mythology. It is one of the rare mammals with a thick neck and short muscular legs. It lives together in groups and is found in place above 4000m on the northwest and far northeast part of the country. This animals feeds mainly on bamboos. The adult Takin (Burdocas taxicolor) can weight over 200 kilograms.
The National Sport of Bhutan is Archery. The bow and arrow plays a significant role in many Bhutanese myths and legends. The archery was declared the national sport of Bhutan in 1971. Every Bhutanese plays the archery game during both special religious and secular public holidays. Traditionally the archery game is more a social events, where during the game both the parties served plenty of food and drinks and ends with singing and dancing together.